Plants of Coal Oil Point Reserve

 

Scientific Name

Common Name Family Native COPR Herbarium Clements study Observations Alternate Names
Abronia maritima Red sand verbena Nyctaginaceae X x x Foredune  
Abronia umbellata Pink sand verbena Nyctaginaceae X x x After the first set of dunes, flower color ranges from white to dark pink  
Acacia longifolia Acacia Fabaceae   x   Common on backdunes until 1996. Eradicated during dune restoration  
Acmispon americanus Spanish clover Fabaceae x x   Dune swale wetland by dune pond Lotus purshianus
Ambrosia chamissonis Beach Burr Asteraceae X x x Unstable dunes  
Ambrosia psilostachya Western Ragweed Asteraceae X x   North Margin Restoration Site  
Amsinckia spectabilis var spetabilis Seaside fiddleneck Boraginaceae X x   Top of dunes near main entrance and top of dunes along beach fence  
Anagallis arvensis Scarlet Pimpernel Primulaceae   x x BS, North margin restoration site  
Anemopsis californica Hierba Mansa Saururaceae X X x    
Antirrhinum nuttallianum Snapdragon Scrophulariacae X   ? Rare on back dune scrub. Well established on acacia restoration area(ARA) since 1998  
Artemisia californica California Sagebrush Asteraceae X x   West dune swale near willows, North Margin Restoration Site  
Artemisia douglasiana Mugwhort Asteraceae X x   Edge of slough north of VP, established at Acacia Restoration Area, planted in North Margin Restoration Site  
Arthrocnemum subterminale Parish’s Glaswort Chenopodiaceae X x   Two plants 100 feet east and west of slough culvert  
Asclepias fascicularis Narrowleaf Milkweed Asclepiadaceae  x        
Aster subulatus v. ligulatus Slim Aster Asteraceae X     North Margin Restoration Site  
Astragalus pycnostachyus var. lanosissimus Ventura Marsh Milkvetch Fabaceae X     Planted in Enchanted Forest (2000) test plant sites in on west dune swale ( 2001) and North Margin Restoration Site (2003)  
Atriplex californica California Saltbush Chenopodiaceae X        
Atriplex lentiformis Quailbush Chenopodiaceae X     One plant near Monarch point (probably introduced) several plants on Acacia Restoration Area and point from Ellwood bluffs, planted in North margin restoraiton site  
Atriplex leucophylla Beach saltbush Chenopodiaceae       foredunes  
Atriplex semibaccata Australian Saltbush Chenopodiaceae       North Margin Restoration Site  
Atriplex prostrata Spearscale/Spear-leaved saltbush Chenopodiaceae   x   North margin restoration site Atriplex triangularis
Avena fatua Wild Oats Poaceae     x Scattered locations including North Margin Restoration Site  
Baccharis pilularis Coyote Brush Asteraceae X x   Scattered locations including North Margin Restoration site, Dominant of back dune scrub  
Baccharis salicifolia Mulefat Asteraceae X     A few plants around dune pond. Planted in Slough Restoration Area, planted at North Margin Restoration Area  
Bolboschoenus maritimus Prairie Bulrush Cyperaceae X x   West south finger, seep east of dune pond, North Margin Restoration Site Scirpus maritimus
Bolboschoenus robustus     X x   West south finger scirpus robustus
Brassica nigra Black Mustard Brassicaceae     x Scattered locations including North Margin Restoration site  
Bromus carinatus California Brome Poaceae X     Back dunes near cypress, North Margin Restoration Site  
Bromus diandrus Ripgut Brome Poaceae       Common in scattered locations including North Margin Restoration site  
Bromus hordeaceus Soft Chess Poaceae   x   Widely scattered locations including North Margin Restoration site  
Cakile maritima Sea rocket Brassicaceae X x   foredunes and inland of sandy beach, common  
Calandrinia ciliata Redmaids Portulaceae x     found in 2015 after Harding grass was sprayed  
Calystegia macrostegia ssp. cyclostegia Coastal Morning-glory Convolvulaceae X x   Common in scattered locations including North Margin Restoration site  
Calystegia soldanella Beach Morning-Glory Convolvulaceae X x   Several areas  
Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia Beach Evening Primrose Onagraceae X x   Dunes, more common on eastern dunes, resistant to trampling  
Camissoniopsis micrantha  Small Primrose Onagraceae X x      
Carduus pycnocephalus Italian Thistle Asteraceae       Scattered locations including North Margin Restoration site  
Castilleja densiflora subsp. Densiflora Owl's clover Scrophulariaceae   x      
Chenopodium californicum Soap plant Chenopodiaceae X x   dunes  
Chenopodium macrospermum var. halo Coastal Goosefoot Chenopodiaceae x        
Cirsium occidentale Cobweb thistle Asteraceae x        
Cirsium rhothophilum Surf Thistle Asteraceae X     dunes, CNPS1B  
Cirsium vulgare Bull Thistle Asteraceae       North Margin Restoration Site  
Claytonia perfoliata var. perfoliata Miner’s Lettuce Portulaceae X x   Under enchanted forest, see east of dune pond  
Clematis ligusticifolia Virgin’s Bower Ranunculaceae X
Convolvulus arvensis Bind weed Convolvulaceae          
Corethrogyne filaginifolia Califonrnia Aster Asteraceae X     Dunes Lessingia filaginifolia
Cortaderia selloana Pampas Grass Poaceae       Removed from North Margin Restoration Site  
Cotula coronopifolia Brass buttons Asteraceae   x      
Cressa truxillensis Alkali weed Convolvulaceae X x   Occasional, North Margin Restoration Site  
Cupressus macrocarpa Monterey cypress Cupressaceae   x      
Cynodon dactylon Bermuda Grass Poaceae       Occasional North Margin Restoration Site  
Cyperus eragrostis tall flatsedge Cyperaceae X     wetlands  
Daucus carota Wild carrot Apiaceae       Access D iceplant restoration site  
Datura wrightii Toloache Solanaceae X   x Occasional near parking lot  
Delairea odorata Cape Ivy Asteraceae          
Distichlis spicata Salt Grass Poaceae X x   Dunes, dune swale, along Devereux slough edge, dune pond (with population of Wandering Skipper), patch on west campus bluffs near parking lot, North Margin Restoration Site  
Dysphania ambrosioides Mexican Tea Chenopodiaceae       Common near gate to entrance of Reserve.  Chenopodium ambrosioides
Ehrharta calycina perennial veldt grass Poaceae       one individual discovered in back dune  
Eleocharis macrostachya Common Spikerush Cyperaceae X     back dune scrub near cypress row
Elymus glaucus Western Rye Poaceae x x x
Encelia californica California Bush Sunflower Asteraceae X x Planted in North Margin Restoration Site (2003)
Epilobium canum California Fuchsia Onagraceae x x Introduced from North Bluff to ARA 1999
Ericameria ericoides Mock Heather Asteraceae x back dunes 
Erigeron canadensis Horseweed Asteraceae Common in North Margin Restoration Site.  Conyza canadensis
Eriogonum parvifolium Seacliff Buckwheat Polygonaceae X COPR dunes, planted in North Margin Restoration Site (2003)
Erodium cicutarium Red-stem Filaree Geraniaceae x Scattered locations including North Margin Restoration Site
Eschscholzia californica var. maritima California Coastal Poppy Papaveraceae X x x Lower parts of dunes and north west corner. Planted in ARA. Large dune population has orange and yellow varieties. Other smaller pop. Have only yellow.
Foeniculum vulgare Fennel Apiaceae x Scattered locations including North Margin Restoration Site
Frankenia salina Alkali Heath Frankeniaceae X x Common in North Margin Restoration Site
Gamochaeta purpurea Purple Cudweed Asteraceae
Geranium sp. Geranium/Cranesbill Geraniaceae Scattered in North Margin Restoration Site
Grindelia camporum Gum Plant Asteraceae x
Hazardia squarrosa var squarrosa Sawttoth goldenbush Asteraceae x a few plants on highest point on pond trail
Heliotropium curassavicum Heliotrope Boraginaceae X x x Dune swale
Helminthotheca echioides Bristly Ox-tongue Asteraceae Common North Margin Restoration Site Picris echioides
Hemizonia fasciculata Fascicled tarweed Asteraceae X x x along trails
Hemizonia parryi subsp. Australis Southern tarweed Asteraceae X Disturbed areas near wetlands
Hesperocnide tenella Wetern Nettle Urticaceae x
Heterotheca grandiflora Telegraph weed Asteraceae x
Hordeum brachyantherum Meadow Barley Poaceae X West campus bluffs and loop
Hordeum californicum California barley Poaceae X x On west campus bluffs
Hordeum marinum subsp. Gussoneanu Mediterranean Barley Poaceae x
Hypochaeris glabra Smooth cat’s ear Asteraceae x
Schoenoplectus pungens Common threesqaure Cyperaceae X Scirpus pungens
Isocoma menziesii var. menziesii Coast Goldenbush Asteraceae X Erect variety on bluff tops, dunes, planted in North Margin Restoraiton Site (2003), prostrate variety on vertical slopes of Ellwood bluffs. Introduced large variety on soil remediation site
Isocoma meziessi var. sedoides Asteraceae X Vertical bluffs, prostrate, succulent
Jaumea carnosa Marsh Jaumea Asteraceae X x Common in North Margin Restoration Site
Juncus bufonius Toad Rush Juncaceae X x North Margin Restoration Site
Juncus mexicanus Mexican rush Juncaceae X Under enchanted forest, see east of dune pond
Juncus patens Common Rush/Indian rush Juncaceae X A few plants on trail towards the dune pond, west of the pond, mixed with Bacharis, planted in North Margin Restoration Site (2003)
Juncus phaeocephalus Brown-headed rush Juncaceae X x Seep east of dune pond
Lactuca serriola Prickly lettuce Scattered
Leymus condensatus Giant Rye Grass Poaceae X x North Bluff, planted in North Margin Restoration Site (2003)
Leymus triticoides Alkali Rye grass Poaceae X x
Lolium multiflorum Italian ryegrass Poaceae Scattered locations including North Margin Restoration Site
Lolium perenne ssp multiflorum English Rye Poaceae x
Lonicera subspicata var. subspicata Santa Barbara Honeysuckle Caprifoliaceae X Planted in North Margin Restoration Site (2003), few plants near Mimulus on back dunes
Lotus sp. Dune lotus? Fabaceae X
Lupinus albifrons Silver Lupine Fabaceae X x Around dune swale
Lupinus arboreus Bush Lupine Fabaceae
Lupinus bicolor Miniature Lupine Fabaceae X Along trail north of VP
Lupinus nanus nanus Sky Lupine Fabaceae x x
Lupinus succulentus Succulent Lupine Fabaceae X One plant after acacia was removed on ARA, several plants on edge of slough
Lythrum californicum California loosestrife Lythraceae X x wetlands
Madia sativa Coastal Tarweed Asteraceae x x
Malacothrix saxatilis saxatilis Seacliff Daisy Asteraceae X x On Ellwood bluffs and ARA
Malacothrix saxatilis tenuifolia Seacliff Daisy Asteraceae X On back on first dunes, near the Buckwheat
Medicago polymorpha Bur-clover Fabaceae Scattered locations including North Margin Restoration Site
Melilotus albus White sweet-clover Fabaceae x North Margin Restoration Site
Melilotus indicus Yellow sweet-clover Fabaceae Common in North Margin Restoration Site and adjacent wetland
Microseris douglasii subsp. Douglasii Asteraceae
Mimulus aurantiacus Bush Monkey Flower Scrophulariaceae X x Rare, 100 ft from beach on dune scrub, near poison oak and honeysuckle Mimulus longiflorus
Monanthochloe littoralis Salt cedar Poaceae X backdunes between scrub and dunes
Myoporum laetum Myoporum Myoporaceae Removed from North Margin Restoration Site (2003) and dunes (2002)
Navarretia atractyloides? Holly-leaved navarretia Polemoniaceae x x edge of Baccharis scrub along trail near Cypress row
Nuttallanthus texanus Blue toadflax Plantaginaceae x scattered back dunes Linaria texana
Oenothera hookeri Hooker's primrose Onagraceae x
Opuntia ficus-indica Prickly Pear Cactaceae
Oxalis pes-caprae Bermuda Buttercup Oxalidaceae x x North Margin Restoration Site
Parapholis incurva Sickle Grass Poaceae
Phacelia ramosissima astrolitoralis Branching Phacelia Hydrophyllaceae X x Backdunes
Phalaris aquatica Harding grass Poaceae Common North Margin Restoration Site
Piptatherum miliaceum Smilo Grass Poaceae x North Margin Restoration Site
Plantago lanceolata English Plantain Plantaginaceae x x Common North Margin Restoration Site
Polypogon monspeliensis Rabbit’s foot grass Poaceae x North Margin Restoration Site
Populus fremontii Fremont Cottonwood Salicaceae X Introduced to willow woodland at North Margin Restoration Site
Pseudognaphalium biolettii Everlasting Asteraceae Gnaphalium bicolor
Pseudognaphalium californicum Green Everlasting Asteraceae Gnaphalium californicum
Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum California Everlasting Asteraceae X x Gnaphalium luteo-album
Pseudognaphalium ramosissimum Pink Everlasting Asteraceae x
Quercus agrifolia Coast Live Oak Fagaceae X Willow woodland North Margin Restoration Site
Rafinesquia californica California chicory Asteraceae x Back dune.  Found following fire 2015
Raphanus raphanistrum Jointed Charlock Brassicaceae x
Raphanus sativus Wild radish Brassicaceae x Common North Margin Restoration Site
Rhamnus crocea Redberry Rhamnaceae x
Rhus integrifolia Lemonade Berry Anacardiaceae X Ellwood bluff, used in landscape and ARA (from North Bluff)
Rubus armeniacus Himalayan Blackberry Rosaceae Willow woodland North Margin Restoration Site
Rubus ursinus California Blackberry Rosaceae x
Rumex crispus Curly Dock Polygonaceae x salt marsh, vernal pools and dune swale
Rumex salicifolius var. crassus Willow Dock Polygonaceae x x on wetland around dune pond
Salicornia pacifica Pickleweed Chenopodiaceae X x Dominant on slough and scatered on dune swale and around dune pond, North Margin Restoration Site salicornia virginica
Salix lasiolepis Arroyo Willow Salicaceae X x On dune swales, North Margin
Sambucus nigra Elderberry Caprifoliaceae X x Dune swale, planted in North Margin Restoration Site (2003) sambucus mexicana
Sanicula arguta Sharp toothed sanicle Apiaceae X x Dune swale
Saponaria officinalis Soap wort Caryophylaceae x West COPR Clements experiment
Scirpus ? Cyperaceae X Slough edge
Scirpus californicus California Bulrush Cyperaceae X Dune swale
Scrophularia atrata Lompoc figwort Scrophulariaceae X backdunes. Southernmost limit
Scrophularia californica Bee Plant/California Figwort Scrophulariaceae X x Mixed with Bacharis on dune scrub, North Margin
Sisyrinchium bellum Blue eyed grass Iridaceae X x Grassland around VP, large path on top of dune scrub near wetland by Cypress row.
Solanum douglasii Douglas Nightshade Solanaceae x x Scattered, common after removal of Acacia on Acacia Restoration Area, North Margin Restoration Site
Sonchus oleraceus Common Sow-thistle Asteraceae x Common North Margin Restoration Site
Spergularia marina Salt Marsh sand Spurry Caryophyllaceae X x near marshes
Stachys bullata Wood mint Lamiaceae X x Planted in North Margin Restoration Site (2003)
Stephanomeria elata Tall Stephanomeria Asteraceae X Dunes
Stipa lepida Needle Grass Poaceae X Scatered on grassland, common under Eucaliptus nassella lepida
Stipa pulchra Purple Needle Grass Poaceae x x nassella pulchra
Suaeda taxifolia Wooly Sea-Blite Chenopodiaceae X Lower Ellwood bluffs, occasional around slough mouth. Common on lower part of Ellwood Bluffs, Planted on SRA from Ellwood
Tamarix sp. Tamarisk Tamaricaceae Scattered North Margin Restoration Site
Tetragonia tetragonioides New Zealand spinach Aizoaceae x Dune swale
Toxicodendron diversilobum Poision Oak Anacardiaceae x Common 
Tragopogon porrifolius Oyster root Asteraceae x
Verbascum blattaria Moth mullein Scrophulariaceae x
Verbena lasiostachys var lasyostachys Western vervain Verbenaceae X x x coastal scrub
Vicia benghalensis vetch Fabaceae x
Vulpia sp. Fescue Poaceae Scattered North Margin Restoration Site
Xanthium strumarium Cockleburr Asteraceae ? wetlands
Zeltnera muehlenbergii Monterey Centaury Gentianaceae x x southern limit in region Centaurium muehlenbergii
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