Rare vertebrate species at COPR

Prepared by Mark Holmgren in 1996.

Species Scientific Name

Federal

State

Other

BIRDS

     

Bank Swallow Riparia riparia
Former nester east of Goleta Slough mouth, now a rare migrant.

 
 

CSC

 

Belding’s Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis beldingi
Territorial pairs present since spring 1990; bred in 1993 and 1996. Now the most upcoast estuary for this endangered race.

SC

E

 

Black Swift Cypseloides niger

 

CSC

 

Brewster’s Willow Empidonax traillii

 

E

 

Flycatcher brewsteri
Common late summer, spring, and fall migrant that regularly uses COPR.

     

Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis californicus
Common mid-summer to spring immediately off-shore and occasionally on beach.

E

   

Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia
Formerly a common wintering and breeding species along the coast, now only a rare fall and early winter visitor. Suitable habitat exists south of golf course.

SC

CSC

Local concern

California Least Tern Sterna antillarum browni
Former breeder, now mid-summer and fall visitor at mouth of Devereux Slough and occasionally in interior slough mud flats.

E

E

 

California Quail Callipepla californicus
Despite severe declines along the coastal plain, small flocks apparently persist in the dunes.

   

Local concern

Light-footed Clapper Rail Rallus longirostris levipes
Former rare vagrant; not seen since 1940s.

E

E

 

Coast Horned Lark Eremophilus alpestri actii
Former common breeder now almost completely absent from COPR; still breeds in small numbers on Goleta Slough runway aprons and infields.

SC

CSC

Local concern

Common Loon Gavia immer
Common along coast in winter, occasionally in slough channel during high water periods.

 

CSC

 

Cooper’s Hawk Accipiter cooperii
A few pairs breed locally and thus seen occasionally in summer, but much more common in fall to early spring as a visitor.

 

CSC

 

Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
Rare visitor.

 

CSC

 

Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum
Former breeder from foothills probably to coast, now an exceedingly rare breeder in southern SB Co.; rare migrant at COPR.

 

CSC

Local concern

Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis
Rare visitor to fresh and brackish water habitats at COPR.

SC

CSC

 

Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus
Occurs regularly from mid-summer to April on beach and slough interior.

SC

   

Merlin Falco columbarius
Regular visitor fall to spring.

FP

   

Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus
Regular visitor fall, winter spring.

 

CSC

 

Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Uncommon fall and winter visitor, more frequent in recent years.

 

CSC

 

Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
Sightings increasingly common; fall, winter, spring visitor.

E

E

 

Prairie Falcon Falco mexicanus
Rare visitor.

FP

CSC

 

Purple Martin Progne subis
Rare migrant.

 

CSC

 

Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus
Breeds at COPR, common year-round

FP

   

Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis
Breeds at COPR, present year-round

FP

   

Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus
Rare winter visitor.

FP

   

Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus
Common visitor fall through spring

 

CSC

 

Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus
Rare fall and winter visitor to coastal grassy mesa and wetlands. Wintering population declining and absent in some years. Not recently seen at COPR, but present on Goleta Slough and More Mesa.

FP

CSC

Local concern

Snowy Plover Charadriusalexandrinus nivosus
Regular visitor from July through April. Principal wintering locale for southern S. B. Co.

T

CSC

 

Southwestern Willow Empidonax trailliiextimus
Flycatcher
Difficult to distinguish from other races of this species and no evidence that this race migrates through this portion of the coast.

E

E

 

Tricolored Blackbird Agelaius tricolor
Formerly more common as a breeding and wintering species, now an uncommon and very local breeder in Santa Barbara County. Rare at COPR.

SC

CSC

Local concern

Virginia Rail Rallus limacola
Until recently bred in the Goleta and Devereux systems. Now a visitor late summer to spring.

   

Local concern

White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi
(rookery only) Historically bred in former freshwater marsh, now the golf course. Now rare spring, winter, fall visitor.

SC

CSC

Local concern

White-tailed Kite Elanus caeruleus
Occasionally breeds, year-round occupant.

FP

 

Local concern

Wilson’s Warbler Wilsonia pusilla
Former breeder in coastal riparian and willow wetlands along the South Coast of S.B. Co., now very common migrant and rare wintering species.

 

CSC

Local concern

Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia
Almost extirpated as a local breeder; very common migrant through COPR

 

CSC

Local concern

Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens
Former breeder in dense coastal riparian and willow wetlands along the South Coast of S.B. Co., now very rare migrant at COPR.

 
 

CSC

Local concern

MAMMALS

     

Badger Taxidea taxus

 

CSC

 

Burrows found at COPR as late as the mid-1980s. Now largely extirpated from even the foothills near Goleta and Santa Barbara.

     

Pallid Bat Antrozeus pallidus
Probably present at COPR.

     

San Diego Black-tailed Jackrabbit Lepus californicus bennettii
Extirpated from the Goleta Slough system in the 1980s, COPR probably lost its population prior to that.

SC

CSC

Local concern

Townsend’s Big-eared Bat Plecotus townsendi
Probably present at COPR, but never confirmed.

SC

CSC

 

AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES:

     

Red-legged Frog Rana aurora draytoni
Presence in the dune pond or dune swale (the only possible habitats in which it could occur) has never been determined.

T

CSC

Local concern

California Legless Lizard Anniella pulchra
Annedoctal record on dunes

 

E

   

FISH

     

Tidewater Goby Eucylogobius newberryi
Extirpated for several years, but could be reintroduced.

E

E

 
Key
Federal
State
E=Endangered E
T=Threatened T
SC=Species of Concern CSC=Calif. Species of Special Concern
FP=Federally Protected
(pertains to otherwise undesignated Birds of Prey)
This list has not received sanction by the
California Dept. of Fish and Game

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